There are 5 Big Ideas in Beginning Reading

  • Phonemic Awareness: the ability to hear and manipulate sounds in spoken words 

    Alphabetic Principle: the ability to associate sounds with letters and use these sounds to form words 

    Fluency with Text: the effortless, automatic ability to read words in connected text 

    Vocabulary: the ability to understand (receptive) and use (expressive) words to acquire and convey meaning 

    Comprehension: the complex cognitive process involving the intentional interaction between reader and text to convey meaning